Electromagnetism: The Magic of Electricity and Magnetism Combined

Electromagnetism merges electricity and magnetism, governing interactions between charged particles and magnetic fields. From powering motors and transforming energy to influencing electricians' work, it's integral to modern life and technology.


We’ve arrived at the finale of our electrical theory journey, where we combine the power of electricity and magnetism to form one of the most exciting and powerful concepts in the physical world: electromagnetism. After exploring atoms, charges, electric and magnetic fields, potential difference, electric current, and the differing roles of AC and DC, we’re ready to delve into this fascinating unification.

Electromagnetism Defined

Electromagnetism is a branch of physics that deals with the combined phenomena of electricity and magnetism. It’s a fundamental principle that governs how electrically charged particles interact with each other and with magnetic fields. In its simplest terms, electromagnetism is the study of electromagnetic force, which is one of the four fundamental forces of nature.

Electric Current and Magnetic Fields

The cornerstone of electromagnetism is the fact that an electric current produces a magnetic field. In the early 19th century, Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted discovered this relationship quite accidentally during a classroom demonstration.

So imagine wrapping a wire carrying an electric current around a compass needle. You’ll notice the needle deflects from its original position, indicating the presence of a magnetic field. The direction of the magnetic field depends on the direction of the electric current. This is the fundamental principle behind electromagnets, devices that produce a magnetic field when an electric current flows through them.

Electromagnetic Induction

Conversely, a magnetic field can generate an electric current – a phenomenon known as electromagnetic induction, first discovered by Michael Faraday. When a conductor such as a wire moves through a magnetic field, an electric current is induced in the wire. This principle is how generators work, converting mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Electromagnetism in Daily Life

We encounter electromagnetism in many forms in our daily life. Electric motors, generators, transformers, and even the humble doorbell are based on electromagnetism. In the digital world, hard drives use electromagnets to read and write data. Wireless communications, from radio and television broadcasts to Wi-Fi and Bluetooth signals, all rely on electromagnetic waves.

Electromagnetism: The Magic of Electricity and Magnetism Combined
Source- https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/605876/whats-the-reason-behind-asymmetry-of-magnetic-field-in-light-propagation

Role of Electromagnetism for Electricians

For electricians, electromagnetism is the principle that makes much of their work possible. Whether they’re installing an electric motor, repairing a transformer, or setting up a new doorbell, they’re applying the principles of electromagnetism.

Understanding electromagnetism also helps electricians ensure safety and efficiency. For example, the magnetic fields around current-carrying wires can induce currents in nearby wires, which can cause unwanted heating or interference between circuits. Knowledge of these principles allows electricians to design and install electrical systems that minimize these effects.


Electromagnetism is the magnificent marriage of electricity and magnetism, and its discovery marked a milestone in human understanding of the natural world. It’s a concept that powers our modern world and is fundamental to a wide range of technologies that we use every day.

With this, we conclude our journey through electrical theory. From the atomic model to electromagnetism, we’ve explored the world that lights up our homes, powers our devices, and enables our modern lifestyle. As an electrician or an enthusiastic learner, remember that every circuit you work with, every device you use, and even the natural world around you are all playgrounds of these incredible forces. Keep exploring, keep learning, and let the sparks of curiosity light up your path to discovery!

Enjoy learning about electricity?